The Sundarbans delta, the wonder of nature literally means beautiful forest, is a combined forest in
Bengal, India. It is the largest mangrove forest in the world. The Sunderbans
gets its name due to the abundant presence of the ‘Sundari’ trees. There are a
lots of ‘Sundari’ trees in Sundarban. Bangladesh
Sundarban, the largest mangrove forest in the world is the heaven for all the professional and non-professional photographers. Green, beauty and adventures place for the local and foreign tourists. Enrich Treasure Island of the biodiversity. Future for the thousands of depending inhabitants and new dreams for the honey hunters.
The total area (including water) of this imaging mangrove forest was estimated at 6,526 square miles (16,902 km2). Now it has reduced about 1/3 of the original size. Today the area of Sundarban is 4,143 km² (including exposed sandbars: 42 km²) and the remaining water area of 1,874 km² encompasses rivers, small streams and canals. Sundarban covered 4% total area of
Bangladesh and 40% total of forest Bangladesh.
About 32,400 hectares of the Sundarban have been declared as three wildlife sanctuaries in 1977 under the Bangladesh Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act, 1974. These are Sundarban West (9,069 ha), Sundarban South (17,878 ha), and Sundarban East (5,439 ha) named Kotka-Kachikhali Tiger point, Hironpoint and Manderbaria.
In 1999 Sundarban was declared World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
|King of Sundarban|
A total 245 genera and 334 plant species have been recorded. Since 1966 the Sundarban have been a wildlife sanctuary, and it is estimated that there are now 400 Royal Bengal tigers and about 30,000 spotted deer in the area. It is one of the final remaining strongholds for the endangered Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris). A study in 1991 has revealed that the Bangladeshi part of the forest supports diverse biological resources including at least 150 species of commercially important fishes, 270 species of birds, 42 species of mammals, 35 reptiles and 8 amphibian species.
There are a huge number of observable places in Sundarban. These are Hiron Point: Hiron point also known as Nilkamal, is the main attractive place in Sundarban for all tourists and visitors. It is a beautiful spot and great for spotting tigers and other wildlife. Visitors can also enjoy the beauty of wild nature and dotted deer’s walking and running all around the Hiron point. The visitors can get a comfortable stay here in the three-storied Rest House of the Mongla Port Authority with prior booking.
|Sundarban, largest mangrove forest of the world|
Kona Island: Tin Kona Island,
literally means three cornered Island,
is another popular spot for wildlife spotting in Sundarbans. This Island is renowned for tiger,
crocodile, birds and deer, where travelers can come across the real wildlife.
It has an enchanting, but wild beauty merged with wild forests and
estuaries. The visiting time of the Island is from 9am to 5pm. Many
tourists from all over the world visit this Island just to have some relief
from the busy life and to get ideal resting place, merged with the wild beauty
of forests and natures’ blessings.
Katka: It is calm and cool silent sea beach in the world located in the heart of Sundarban. It is also a base for safaris, and good spot to see tigers and for bird-watching.
|Green view of Sundarban|
You may be heard about
But you can’t imagine how beautiful it is without visiting the beach. Moreover,
it is built by nature and cared by nature. When you will be standing beside the
beach then the Bay
of Bengal will be in
front of you and behind you there is the largest mangrove forest of the world.
Just imagine the scenery! Be careful there also about the king of Sundarban
“Royal Bengal Tiger”.
|Beautiful birds seen from Sudhanyakhali Watch Tower|
In a word the wild beauty with its flora and fauna can be thoroughly enjoyed from the
. Sudhanyakhali Watch
The Head Office of the Forest Department is also located in Sajnekhali and it is the place to get authorize to enter the Sundarban Tiger Reserve is issued.
|Birds of Sundarban (Sajnekhali Pakiralaya)|
Sajnekhali Pakiralaya: It is also located at Sajnekhali in Sundarban. It is regarded as a part of the
and is essentially a bird
watcher's paradise. Due to popular and favorable climatic conditions at the
park, it creates an ideal environment for the native as well as migratory birds
of a numerous variety. Sundarban National Park
Some of the most popular birds found in Sundarban are – Various types of Kingfishers, Open Billed Storks, White Bellied Sea Eagles, White Ibis, Golden Plovers, Eastern Knots, Curlews, Pintails, Grey Plover, Caspian Plover, Water Hens, Coots, Pheasant Tailed Jacanas, Pariah Kites, Brahminy Kites, Marsh Harriers, Swamp Partridges, Red Jungle Fowls, Spotted Doves, Common Mynahs, Jungle Crows, Jungle Babblers, Caspian Terns, Gray Herons, Brahminy Ducks, Spotted Billed Pelicans, Large Egrets, Night Herons, Cotton Teals, Herring Gulls, Common Snipes, Wood Sandpipers, Green Pigeons, Rose Ringed Parakeets, Paradise Flycatchers, Cormorants, Fishing Eagles, Seaguls, Peregrine falcons, different kinds of Woodpeckers, Whimprels, Black-Tailed Godwits, Little Stints, White Eyed Pochards and Whistling Teals etc.
The best time to visit Sajnekhali Pakiralaya from July to September.
presents one with a unique experience of watching wildlife from its Canopy
Walk. This is the third point on the tour of Banki
Watch Tower .
This canopy walk is about half a kilometer long and at a height of about 20 ft
from the ground. There is also a sweet water pond and Chital deer’s as well as
Brahmini Kites are very often sighted here apart from the tigers. There are a
lot of cheetal (spotted-deer) here. A captive breeding program for the deer
also takes place here from time to time. It is a very thrilling experience
which brings back tourists for repeat-walks. Traveling to the Sundarban would
be incomplete without this Canopy Walk. Sundarban National Park
Bhagbatpur Crocodile Project: The Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project in the Sundarban is an attractive place to the tourists and it is also the home to numerous crocodiles varying in their age. This is a crocodile breeding farm and a hatchery of the largest estuarine crocodile in the world. This place is accessible through Namkhana.
Buridabri: Buridabri is a Tiger project area in Sundarban situated at riverside. It is a nature’s trail and famous for the watch tower; from where fortunate tourists can get a glimpse of the strolling Royal Bengal Tigers.
Netidhopani: Netidhopani situated at Sundarban is a famous tourist destination. Popularity reasons for this place are there is a houses ruin of a 400 year old temple. Every year a huge number of tourists travel to the Sunderbans to visit this temple for worshipping.
Kanak: Kanak is a prominent place in Sundarban to all kind of travelers for the presence of the rare Olive Ridley Tortoise. This is mainly thriving in shallow waters and beaches. During the breeding season of the Ridley turtles, the turtles approach this place from distant areas.
Piyali: Piyali is the gatway to Sundarbans located 72-kms from Kolkatta by road and close to Sajnekhali, Sudhanyakhali, and Netidhopani through waterways. A small river Piyali flows through the green paddy fields and mingles with river Matla in West Bengal state in
Picturesque Piyali delta makes an ideal affectionate holiday destination. A
beautiful tourist complex with accommodation and recreation facilities is also
situated in India . The riverside of
Piyali is an ideal location for nature enthusiasts. Tourists from all over the
world enjoy boating in Piyali
Island very much as they
can witness the rich flora and fauna from the boats. It is also a relaxation
place for the tourists who visit Sundarban. Piyali
The mangroves of Sundarban are not only serving as a tourist attraction, that also serving various important environmental functions in the region. It provides a conductive environment for the existence of various creatures that attach themselves to the roots of the mangroves in Sundarban and it also avoid being swept away by the tides.
The Sundarbans is not just an environmental asset or an ecological treasure-trove; it is an area of immense geo-political importance as well. Therefore, if the land of this region gets submerged, then further complexities will arise. If the Sundarbans falls prey to the ill-effects of climate change or by the people, it will lead to the growth of subsidiary issues including loss of biodiversity of the region, complete inundation of the land and related problems in the surrounding regions.
|Mighty Aila destroy Sundarban|
On 25th May, 2009 Sundarban was damaged by Aila (tropical cyclone of wind speed 120 km/hr). We have to remember that, if Sundarban not been there, lots of lives could be dead within a few seconds. Sundarban protected us from Aila by damaging herself. But for a bit of interest we are jeopardizing the future of our environment. And surroundings by robbing and cutting trees, killing beast and lives hunting deer’s and tigers. The Sundarbans also faces the impending threat of being completely destroyed due to the ravaging effects of climate change.
This is the time to act. It’s late to trace back our steps, but it’s not too late to mend our ways. We must alter our lifestyles if we seek to change the destiny of the Sundarban. We have to leave our bad mentality about destroying the nature. We should to work together to ensure the stability of nature as well as Sundarban. Initially, the people of that particular region need to be sensitized about the issue.
If you decide to visit this exceptional forest you have to go but you can't go there alone. There are lots of travel and tourism agents who can help you to go to Sundarban. Some of these are given bellow. Hope that it will be helpful for you.